Iraqi Journal of Hematology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1--6

Clinicohematological profile of patients with peripheral blood cytopenias in clinical practice


Rajneesh Thakur, Navjyot Kaur, Malhotra Arjun, Sharma Sanjeevan, Puri Pankaj, Nair Velu 
 Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajneesh Thakur
Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
India

BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, the cytopenias may result from relatively benign causes such as viral infections and Vitamin B12/folic acid deficiency to more sinister causes such as bone marrow failure. In this study, we looked into the clinicohematological profile and etiological factors of bicytopenia and pancytopenia. OBJECTIVES: To study the etiology and clinicohematological profile in patients of peripheral blood cytopenias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care hospital over a period of 1 year. Cytopenias were defined as pancytopenia when there was simultaneous presence of hemoglobin <10 g/dL, total leukocyte count <4000/dL, and platelets < 100000/dL or as bicytopenia when two of the three blood cell lines were depressed. All patients who presented with pancytopenia and bicytopenia were included, and their clinicohematological profile was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 204 patients (103 males and 101 females) were diagnosed to have cytopenias. Pancytopenia was observed in 69/204 and bicytopenia was seen in 135/204 cases. The various causes of cytopenias included infections (n = 126 [61.76%]), megaloblastic anemia (MA) (n = 48 [23.52%]), drugs (n = 12 [5.8%]), hypersplenism (n = 8 [3.9%]), bone marrow failure syndromes such as aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 7 [3.4%]) and leukemias (n = 3 [1.4%]). We found a significant association between MA and pancytopenia (odds ratio [OR] = 2.47, P < 0.05) and also between infections and bicytopenia (OR = 5.8, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that infections and MA are the most common cause of bicytopenia and pancytopenia, respectively. The more serious disorders affecting the bone marrow constitute only <5% of all cases of cytopenias.


How to cite this article:
Thakur R, Kaur N, Arjun M, Sanjeevan S, Pankaj P, Velu N. Clinicohematological profile of patients with peripheral blood cytopenias in clinical practice.Iraqi J Hematol 2019;8:1-6


How to cite this URL:
Thakur R, Kaur N, Arjun M, Sanjeevan S, Pankaj P, Velu N. Clinicohematological profile of patients with peripheral blood cytopenias in clinical practice. Iraqi J Hematol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 6 ];8:1-6
Available from: http://www.ijhonline.org/article.asp?issn=2072-8069;year=2019;volume=8;issue=1;spage=1;epage=6;aulast=Thakur;type=0