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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 138-144

Interplaying of regulatory T-cells and related chemokines in immune thrombocytopenic purpura patients

1 National Center of Hematology, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Immunology, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zeyad A Shabeeb
National Center of Hematology, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijh.ijh_40_20

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BACKGROUND: Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an immune-mediated bleeding disorder, in which platelets are opsonized by autoantibodies directed against platelet surface membrane glycoproteins, and prematurely cleared and destructed by Fc-receptors on the surface of macrophages in the reticuloendothelial system. OBJECTIVES: This work is designed to show the contribution of lymphocyte subsets and platelet destruction in adult chronic ITP and role of infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) was measured using ELISA, and the frequency of regulatory T-cell (Treg) profile (CD4+CD25+CD127−) was investigated by FCM in blood samples of 50 Iraqi ITP patients (35 on-treatment ITP patients and 15 newly diagnosed) along with 20 age-matched healthy people that act as controls, as well as all patients were breath tested for detecting Helicobacter pylori using urea breath test. The study was carried out in the National Center of Hematology, Mustansiriyah University. RESULTS: The results showed that although there was a significant reduction in Treg number in ITP patients compared with the control individuals (P < 0.001), the effect of treatment has shown a restored count of Tregs in comparison to the newly diagnosed ones (P = 0.002), while the assessment of cytokine serum level revealed that TGF-β1 was significantly increased (P = 0.001) in the on-treatment group of patients (TGF-β1 = 3.24 ± 0.3 ng/μl) in comparison with the nontreated group of patients (TGF-β1 = 1.75 ± 0.2 ng/μl). However, it was still significantly (P < 0.001) less than their values in the apparently healthy individuals (TGF-β1 = 9.0 ± 0.2 ng/μ). Moreover, 25 out of 50 (50%) showed positive results for the presence of H. pylori. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that Treg and its cytokines may play a fundamental role in the pathophysiology of adult chronic ITP since they contribute to the maintenance of peripheral immune tolerance. However, a causal link between H. pylori infection and ITP diseases is considerable.

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